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The importance and history of diamonds

by Richard Hopp (2018-06-15)

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You've may have heard the slogan – A profound diamond is eternal and recurring. The first diamond is estimated to be discovered in India approx. 3,000 years ago. Various resources also say that the first diamonds were discovered already 6,000 years ago. Back then in ancient India, diamonds were considered religious icons.

Diamonds have always been used for engraving tools because of their incredible hardness. In 600 AD a lot of diamonds were discovered on Borneo, an island in northern Australia. Soon in the18th century Brazil became a rich source of diamonds and in the 19th century, South Africa was known for its wide range of diamonds. Nowadays Australia has been a vital source of gemstones since the 1970s.

The ancient Greeks called diamonda adamas which means invincible, indestructible, clean and untamable. The ancient Greek warriors wore diamonds because they believed that the stones strengthened the warrior's muscles and made them invincible. The strength, hardness and beauty of diamonds have been appreciated in many civilizations throughout history. The famous Persian poet Hafiz pointed out that "the rainbow is always limited to one diamond". In ancient times diamonds have always been a symbol of innocence and purity. The ancient Greeks thought that diamonds were the tears of the weeping gods. The ancient Romans believed that diamonds were considered a part of the outer rings of the stars that fell to Earth. 

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Pretty much every civilization has a history of diamonds. However almost all cultures have a common theme: diamonds symbolize all the forces necessary for a healthy society and give enormous power to those who use them. People that own diamonds are always considered winners. It was the talisman of Julius Caesar, Louis IV and Napoleon.

The Renaissance was the first time diamonds were used as contract rings. It was supposed be a special gift: The ultimate gift of love. This trend began in 1477 when Archduke Maximilian Maria of Burgundy offered a diamond engagement ring. It was a trend that was only popular with the kingdoms and the very rich.

Giving a diamond as an engagement ring was not the norm until De Beers launched its marketing campaign in the 20th century: The most crucial use of diamonds today is no longer sculpture or protection in battle. Now they are commonly used as ornaments because of their pure beauty - their scattering of white light in many different beautiful colors and their brightness and indestructibility. Today, diamonds are rated by the so-called "4 Cs", which refer to carat, color, cut & clarity.

"Carat" refers to the weight of the diamond. The term "cut" refers to the polishment of the diamond. The brightness obviously refers to the radiant power of the diamond. After all, "color" also is a pretty important factor. E.G. pink diamonds are extremely rare thatエs why they cost a lot. The highest color value for a diamond is an entirely light and colorless stone.